The term Blue Zones was first used by the National Geographic Society to describe the areas with the highest longevity in the world, and also clusters of people who had grown old without health problems like heart disease, obesity, cancer, or diabetes.

During his study, the author Dan Buettner designated the following five areas as Blue Zones in his book The Blue Zones Solutions:

Okinawa, Japan

The largest island of the Okinawa Islands at the southern end of Japan. Home of the world’s longest-lived women.

Okinawans maintain a plant-based diet most of their lives, and have a strong dedication to friends and family in a “moai” or circle of friends that supports people well into old age and a strong sense of purpose in life called “ikigai” that gives them clear roles of responsibility

Read more about their lifestyle here.

Ikaria, Greece

This tiny island in Greece has some of the world’s lowest rates of middle-age mortality and almost entirely free of dementia and some of the chronic diseases that plague Americans.
Mediterranean diet, herbal teas with family and friends and a midafternoon nap are some of their secrets for a healthy lifestyle.

Learn more about their Ikarians here.

Sardinia, Italy

It is the first Blue Zone region we ever identified. The residents of this area are also culturally isolated, and they have kept to a very traditional, healthy lifestyle like hunt, fish and harvest the food they eat. They remain close with friends and family throughout their lives. They laugh and drink wine together.

Read more about Sadinians traditions here.

Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica

This region of South America have the world’s lowest rate of middle-age mortality and the second highest concentration of male centenarians.
Their longevity secret lies in having a strong sense of purpose or “plan de vida” along with a special ability to listen and laugh.

Learn more about their happy lifestyle here.

Loma Linda, California

The highest concentration of Seventh-day Adventists in the United States lies in this Blue Zone.
They are vegetarian and regularly exercise. They don’t smoke or drink alcohol and have a weekly break from the rigors of daily life; 24-hour Sabbath to focus on family, God, camaraderie, and nature.

Take a look at their lifestyle here.


In the book The Blue Zones Solutions you can read about his findings along with easy steps you can take to live more like these cultures. Blue Zones® is now a trademark of Blue Zones, LLC, and reflects the lifestyle and the environment of the world’s longest-lived people.


Text gotten from the Blue Zones: Lessons For Living Longer From The People Who’ve Lived The Longest by Dan Buettner, Copyright 2008, all rights reserved.