A route in web development is like a map or a set of instructions that tells a website what to do when someone types a specific web address (URL) into their browser. When a user types a specific URL, the website receives a request for that URL and then uses the routing rules to determine which specific section of the website should be displayed.
For example, if a user types “https://therouteoptions.com/about” into their browser, the routing rules will tell the website to display the “about” page.
Routes are used to ensure that the right information is shown to the user when they visit a website, and it’s a way to organize the different sections of a website and make it easy to navigate. Routes can also be used to send specific information to the website based on the URL requested, allowing the website to generate dynamic responses.
Routes are typically defined in the backend code of a web application and are used to determine which code should be executed in response to a specific URL or URI.
In most web frameworks, such as Ruby on Rails, Express.js, Laravel, Django, etc., routes are defined using specific routing libraries or frameworks that provide an easy way to define and manage routes for a web application.
Each route is defined by the URL and an associated function, controller, or handler. The function, controller, or handler is responsible for generating the response to the request, and it can use different parameters from the URL to do so. This is how the backend can generate dynamic responses based on the URL requested.
Routes can also be grouped by functionality or the type of request they handle, for example, routes that handle authentication or CRUD operations. Again, this helps to organize the codebase and make it more maintainable.